.config file in place you can start compiling with
make. Since you also have to compile the modules youve set, chain commands:
make; make modules
Now Installation phase begins:
make install && make modules_install
Kernels install script will also adapt grub.cfg with the right menu entries.
vmlinuz (or some similar name) is the kernel itself.
Initrd is the temporary RAM-based filesystem that is placed in memory and used during boot-up.
System-map contains a list of kernel symbols. These are global variables and functions used in the kernel’s code.
Some Linux distros store the kernel’s config file in the /boot/ directory. Developers wanting to compile a kernel with the same settings as their current kernel can copy the file to their build directory. cp /boot/config-$(uname -r) /PATH/TO/.config